Nanoscience, technology and innovation for sustainable development
The Brazilian Nanotechnology National Laboratory (LNNano) was created in 2011, incorporating the laboratories of Electron Microscopy (LME), Laboratory for Surface Science (LCS) and Thin Films and Microfabrication (LMF), which until that time had been associated with LNLS. In 2012, the laboratories of Metals Characterization and Processing Laboratory (CPM) and Nanostructured Soft Materials (LMN) were added to the purview of LNNano. In the beginning of 2014, LNNano reorganized its internal structure with the objective to better attend the scientific and industrial community needs and to align with the thematic RD&I programs of CNPEM.
For this, two more groups were created: Special Functional and Advanced Dispositives (DCS) and Support to Business & Industrial Partners.
Open to the academic and business communities, LNNano staff is a team of highly-qualified researchers and skilled technicians, operating sophisticated equipment and offering to the users a world class R&D environment.
The laboratory seeks, by means of applied and basic research carried out by its researchers, experts and technicians, to exploit the opportunities offered by nanotechnology to satisfy the needs of agriculture, industry and services on the re gional, national and international scale, aiming at the creation and development of sustainable products and processes and the generation of knowledge and wealth.
For example, LNNano develops sophisticated techniques for joining, preparing, processing and characterizing metallic and ceramic alloys and investigates the production of advanced materials from renewable sources and residues from industrial and agricultural activities.
Since 2012, scientific equipment and instrumentation have been in operation that are capable of the cryomicroscopy of a single particle – an emerging technique that was developed in Brazil – enabling the determination of protein structures and biomass-fraction structures with sub-nanometer-scale resolution, thereby opening new avenues of research in structural biology and biotechnology.
The LNNano collaborates with its partner laboratories in CNPEM for the characterization of advanced materials and the creation and implementation of novel search methodologies. Unique in the world since it is the first laboratory which has performed the implementation of thermomechanical simulation and X-ray scattering (XTMS) equipment associated with an X-ray diffraction line of the LNLS (XRD1). This attracts outstanding researchers from Brazil and other countries such as the USA, Argentina, India and Japan. In 2013, the LNNano – in collaboration with the LNLS – has completed the installation of a apertureless scanning nearfield optical microscope (SNOM) at the LNLS IR beamline (IR1).
Binational Brazil-China Center of Nanotechnology
LNNano is the headquarters of the Binational Brazil-China Center of Nanotechnology, a project of bilateral cooperation between the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation and the Chinese Sciences Academy, which facilitates cooperation in PD&I in nanotechnology and nanoscience.
National System of Nanotechnology (SisNano)
LNNano is the reference laboratory of the National System of Nanotechnology (SisNano) and in the coordination of the National Institute of CT&I in Functional Complex Materials (INOMAT), and it possesses an extensive project portfolio with outside companies.
LNNano cooperates and interacts with many companies, such as Petrobrás, Mahle, Tecnaris, Megastir, Alcoa, Cameron, Oxi- teno, ETH, Arte-cola, Flex, Moura, BR Labs and Já Tecnologia.